Simplicity with its reflection in a puddle on the street.
Simplicity is a semi-double medium pink floribunda with 18 to 24 petals hybridized by Bill Warriner and introduced by Jackson & Perkins in 1979. Originally Jackson & Perkins sold them in lots of ten as a “living fence”.
It is an excellent landscape rose and is widely considered the first-ever hedge rose. Rosarians love them because they are very healthy and generous on blooms. However, there is very light or no fragrance at all. Its growth is 3-5 ft tall and 2-3 ft wide, vigorous, disease-resistant and winter hardy plant with medium green, semi-glossy foliage. Bloom size is 3”-4” and it blooms well in all climates.
Here are the various Simplicity roses in the market today. They are excellent plants for hedges.
Introduced in 1979 – Pink Simplicity (pictured above)
Introduced in 1991 – White Simplicity (Photo courtesy of J&P)
Introduced in 1998 – Yellow Simplicity (Photo courtesy of J&P)
Introduced in 2007 – Fragrant Lavender Simplicity (Photo courtesy of J&P)
Introduced in 2011 – Double Red Simplicity (Photo courtesy of J&P)
Tip of the Day – Maintain a healthy weight to help you prevent or control medical conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, gall stones and breathing problems.
Constance Spry, introduced in 1961, is one of the first English Roses hybridized by David Austin and its success contributed to the founding of the English Roses. David Austin Roses is a flower arranger’s dream. They can be used to make wonderful floral arrangements either on their own or with other plant materials. With its voluptuous blossoms and dainty habit, you can duplicate the beauty and charm of an Old Dutch floral painting.
Photo Credit – David Austin Roses
Constance Spry can grow to a height of 6-12 ft. with a width of 6-8 ft. or 10 to 18 ft. as a climber. Bloom size is 3” with a petal count of 80+. It has a lovely pink color and very fragrant. The only drawback is it only flowers once in the spring but it blooms profusely.
Who is Constance Spry?
Constance Spry is the mother of modern floral design. She would have loved to use David Austin Roses for her floral arrangements. After World War 1, she changed the formal, rigid composition of floral design with unconventional pastoral compositions; flowers arranged asymmetrically with assorted shapes of foliage in various types of containers. She used all kinds of wildflowers, grasses, pods or practically anything the Victorian ladies shunned. Her style was full of drama and a refreshing reprieve from the more staid, stiff floral design of her contemporaries.
Photo Credit – Pinterest
Connie, as she was known to her friends, was born in Derby, England, in 1886 and raised in Ireland. She found refuge from her domineering mother in the gardens of her childhood, where she began to take note of what would become her favorites: old garden roses, lilac, mock orange, laurel, buddleia, and evening primrose, as well as grasses, weeds, and other typically overlooked plants and materials.
Though flowers and gardening would be her lifelong passions, under her father’s direction she began her early professional life as an educator and social reformer. Traveling by horse-drawn wagon through the Irish countryside, she became a proponent of healthy living, educating housewives on the benefits of fresh air and nutritious food as part of a “War on Consumption” campaign. After a disappointing marriage to a coal mine manager, she took her only son back to England to begin life anew. It was there she met and fell in love with Shav Spry, a colonial civil servant who would be her lifelong companion.
It wasn’t until the age of 41, that Spry’s amateur talents as a floral designer were noticed by an influential lunch companion, leading her to Norman Wilkinson, a theater designer whose encouragement would launch her meteoric design career. With a commission to do flowers for cinemas and a perfume shop, Spry took her unorthodox visions of gathered materials and artful references out of the homes of friends and into the public eye, where she was praised for displays that in an incredibly modern twist included leaves, berries, seed pods, wild clematis, and golden hops mixed with exotic orchids. Her fate was sealed.
Suddenly this middle-aged woman found herself thrust into the social scene, befriending legendary decorator and fellow entrepreneur Syrie Maugham and an exuberant crowd of theatrical personalities and social luminaries. She became the florist of choice to London high society organizing the flowers for royal weddings. She designed the flowers for the Queen’s wedding and Coronation. Her books on flower arranging made her a household name.
Besides being an influential floral artist, Constance Spry is the founder of the Cordon Bleu cooking school and an author of a bestselling cookbook bearing her name.
Tip of the Day – Turn your passions and interests into a career.
Drift® Roses are a cross between full-size groundcover roses and miniature roses. A combination of toughness, disease resistance and winter hardiness with a manageable size and repeat blooming characteristics make Drift Roses the perfect plant for small gardens and containers.
Introduced in 2006 by the same company, Conard-Pyle Co. who brought us the Knock Out Family of roses, Drift Roses have been tested extensively under diverse climate conditions and are hardy to Zone 4. Like The Knock Out® Family of Roses, Drift® Roses are virtually maintenance-free and bloom almost continuously from spring to frost. The bloom cycle is about every 5-6 weeks.
Drift® Roses are low growing plants about 1-1/2 to 2 feet in height spreading to 3 to 4 feet wide with show stopping color and very attractive glossy foliage. They are great landscape plants providing colors for borders, perennial beds, hillsides for erosion control, foundation plantings and entryways. They are highly disease resistant which should appeal to busy gardeners.
There are 9 varieties: Apricot Drift, White Drift, Sweet Drift, Coral Drift, Pink Drift, Red Drift, Peach Drift, Lemon Drift and Popcorn Drift. Drift Roses are sold at independent garden centers and big box stores like Home Depot and Lowes.
Syns: R. banksiana, Banksian rose, Banks’ Rose, Lady Banks’
Cultivated since 1796
Rosa banksiae is one of the best shrubs for a wall and in a few years will reach the top of most houses. It produces an abundance of pretty small roses with the sweetest fragrance you can imagine. The flowers are borne on last year’s wood and so it is well-advised not to prune in the spring. Only dead or useless branches have to be trimmed. The date of introduction is not known but the double white form was first described in the Botanical Magazine for 1818 as Lady Banks’ Rose and one of the sweetest of roses. It has also been known as a native of China and had been introduced in 1807 by William Kerr. The double yellow was introduced in 1824.
Definitely not for the small property, this vigorous species rose offers a spectacular spring show in warm-climate gardens that can accommodate its rampant growth habit. There are four different forms of R. banksiae, varying by flower color and flower form.
·R. banksiae normalis is considered to be the “wild” form, with single white flowers.
·R. banksiae banksiae (also known as ‘Banksiae Alba’, R. banksiae alba, R.banksiae alba-plena, White Banksia, or White Lady Banks’ Rose) offers exceptionally fragrant, double white flowers.
·R. banksiae lutea (R. banksiae lutea-plena, Yellow Lady Banks’ Rose) is the most well-known form of Rosa banksiae in cultivation with small, fully double, bright yellow flowers that come in clusters. They are only slightly fragrant.
·R. Banksiae lutescenshas single light yellow blooms.
All four have small, oval buds that open to clustered, 1-inch wide, rosette-form flowers, usually blooming in early or midspring to late spring. Slender, thornless canes carry semi-evergreen to evergreen, shiny, dark green leaves with narrow leaflets. They are rarely bothered by diseases.
All four forms of this specie rose have a vigorous, rambling habit and can grow up to 30 ft, so they’re usually used as 20 to 30-foot climbers. They need a sturdy support, such as a well-built pergola or arbor; they also like to scramble into trees. It is a great rose for zone 8 to 10.
I saw Rosa banksiae in Charleston, SC on my first visit there in 1989. We went on a House and Garden Tour and at one of the gardens we visited, ‘Yellow Lady Banks’ was growing almost to the roof of the house against the wall. We wandered along some tiny street and I saw ‘Yellow Lady Banks’ rose by the gate and I took the above photo. Fast forward to 2011 – when I joined the Charleston Lowcountry Rose Society, I discovered the owner of that rose is one of our members.
Tip of the Day – Learn to be cheerful even if you don’t feel like it.
The Peggy Martin Rose symbolizes the tenacious survival skills of the rose. One of only two plants in the garden of its owner, Peggy Martin, to remain alive after immersion in 20 feet of water due to Hurricane Katrina. It is a ‘found’ rambler, virtually thornless, with a small prickle at the beginning of leaf growth, a profusion of dark pink blooms remontant after maturity from spring to hard frost. The entire story of its selection as a symbol of garden rebirth can be found in an article by Dr. William Welch at http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/southerngarden/PeggyMartinrose.html.
The Peggy Martin Rose is very hardy, can survive a below zero degree temperature and is disease-resistant, fast growing, and after established will bloom again in the Fall along with intermittent flower flushes through the year. Every year in spring, The Peggy Martin Rose will show a spectacular display of flower explosion bigger and more spectacular than the year before. In the south, it stops blooming in the hottest months of Summer but up north it will bloom continuously. The Peggy Martin Rose is a very vigorous plant so give it room to grow to show its full potential. It is great planted on a garden entrance arbor or structure. It is not a once bloomer!!!
TIP OF THE DAY: Live your life so that your epitaph could read “No regrets”.
Not until late nineteenth century when a French breeder named Pernet-Ducher introduced ‘Rosa foetida persiana’ as a pollen parent to breed the first yellow and orange colored large-flowered rose called ‘Soleil d’Or’ did gardeners take notice of this rose coloration. That was a significant event.
‘Austrian Copper’ is a sport of ‘Rosa foetida’ that has been cultivated as early as the 12th century in the Arab world. It is native to Iran and Afghanistan and it is not Austrian in spite of its name. It has single blossoms, 2” in diameter of bright coppery red with yellow reverse and bright yellow stamens. Its color is eye catching. The rose is so beautiful when the sun is shining behind it. It gives such luminescence that’s so magnificent. The petals are very fragile and heavy wind will knock the petals off easily. It is not fussy about soil and can be grown in poor soil as long as there is good drainage. It is winter hardy and requires little care. It is a vigorous grower and it suckers. It can take over a large area if not controlled. It has long, arching canes that can reach up to 8 ft. and can be trained to climb trellis, pergola, fence or even trees. It only takes a couple of years for the plant to reach 6 to 7 ft. high and can grow as high as 20 ft. When trained horizontally, they develop lateral shoots which will be covered with flowers the following season. Flowers arise from old wood so pruning should be done after it finishes flowering. It is a once bloomer, in late spring or early summer for 2 to 3 weeks.
Most often, ‘Austrian Copper’ will sport back to ‘Rosa foetida’. It is a stunning plant and every garden should have it. The only downside is it is susceptible to black spot so separate it from the rest of your roses. For rose exhibitor, this rose is eligible for Genesis Award.
Tip of the Day: Eat your veggies. They are good for you.
Parentage: [(‘Chaucer’ x ‘Conrad Ferdinand Meyer) x Graham Thomas]
Registration Name: AUSbells
In my garden, I am always surprised that in spite of the weather, heat or cold, some roses did remarkably well when most of the others were stressed out. One of them that’s a survivor is ‘Bow Bells’, a great David Austin Rose. ‘Bow Bells’ has a rich deep-pink high -centered blooms with 15 to 25 petals and about 2.75” in diameter that are produced in clusters. The blooms stand out well against the dark green foliage. It will even grow in the semi-shade area of your garden. If you want constant color and easy care rose in the garden, this rose is a good candidate. ‘Bow Bells’ is not an exhibition rose but a very good garden rose that’s superbly healthy and blooms non-stop even in the heat of the summer.
I had one in New York in a semi-shaded spot and it bloomed constantly. In August when every rose in my garden took a breather, this rose was still blooming its head off. In Charleston, I planted one on its own root and it grew up to six feet tall in its first year. I cut it back after each flush of blooms otherwise it gets too tall. It can grow to 8’ tall by 4’ wide. While ‘Scentimental’ which grows next to it was completely defoliated during the summer, ‘Bow Bells’ green foliage is intact, no blackspot. I don’t spray and have only used one application of Bayers All-In-One for the season.
Few roses will thrive in partly shaded sections of the garden. ‘Gruss an Aachen’ a floribunda and ‘Bow Bells’, a David Austin Rose will do quite well in dappled shade. ‘Bow Bells continuously blooms in the shade. When some of my roses take a break in the summer, my two Bow Bells are still blooming their hearts out.
Tip of the day – Become the most positive and enthusiastic person you know.
I first saw ‘Iceberg’, a white modern, cluster-flowered rose (floribunda) in California about fifteen years ago. I was amazed then at how popular ‘Iceberg’ roses was in Southern California at that time in spite of the rose being 40+ years already since it was first introduced by Reimer Kordes. They were everywhere. We saw a lot of them at private gardens and even at the wineries in Temecula.
The flowers are semi-double, 20-25 petals and well formed, pure white with occasional pinkish tints in the bud state, especially in early spring and autumn when the nights are cold and damp. The blooms are produced continuously in clusters of up to 15 per spray, long lasting, both on the bush or as a cut flower. They have a moderate but not overpowering rose fragrance. ‘Iceberg’ can be used as a bedding plant for massed display which was very effective as we saw them in California. ‘Iceberg’ is almost entirely resistant to mildew and suffers only mildly from blackspot. All in all, ‘Iceberg’ is still the best and most popular white floribunda today.
‘Climbing Iceberg’ (syn. ‘Climbing Fee des Neiges’), introduced in 1968, is never without bloom, is a disease-resistant, healthy, robust plant. It is not too rampant and can be used to cover small fences or garden structures and even entwine around veranda posts.
National Rose Society Gold Medal 1958
Baden-Baden Gold Medal 1958
World’s Favorite Rose 1983
Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit 1993.
Tip #42 – Make physical fitness a priority. Stop being a couch potato.
‘Sally Holmes’ rose was introduced in 1976 and is a cross between ‘Ballerina’, a hybrid musk and ‘Ivory Fashion’, a Floribunda. It is a single rose of five petals with bloom size of 3” to 4” across with yellow stamens. ‘Sally Holmes’ rose is classified as a shrub but it is so vigorous, it can easily be grown as a climber.
I have seen ‘Sally Holmes’ rose at a friend’s front yard and it is quite a sight. The rose grows all the way to the second floor. It has to be tied strongly to the wall for support. It can grown from 6’ as a shrub and up to 12’ as a climber with almost thornless canes. ‘Sally Holmes’ rose is considered a white shrub rose but her tight buds will appear light apricot maturing to white with a tint of pink at the edges. Foliage is glossy and very disease-resistant. It is also shade tolerant. It has a sweet fragrance.
If you are an exhibitor, it constantly wins awards at the show table. ‘Sally Holmes’ rose is truly an spectacular rose.
Baden-Baden Gold Medal 1960
Glasgow – Fragrance 1993
Portland – Gold Medal 1996
Tip #41 – Judge your success by the degree that you’re enjoying peace, health, and love.
Easy Going is a sport of Livin’ Easy and has the same characteristics as its parent except for the color which is golden peachy yellow with a hint of pink instead of orange and yellow. This floribunda has a rating of 8.0 at 2018 American Rose Society Handbook for Selecting Roses. Bloom size is 3 to 4 inches across. Easy Going blooms profusely and the blooms come in clusters of 3 to 7 blooms and have 26-30 thick, wavy petals complemented by healthy dark green, shiny foliage. Easy going has a sweet, honey scent. Usually its habit is short, about two feet tall and rounded. However, it can reach almost four feet tall.
Easy Going was one of the healthiest roses in my old garden. Easy Going was amazing that it got so healthy in its location where previous roses planted in the same spot always died. It has won an All-American Rose Selections Award in 1996 and Royal National Rose Society Gold Medal in 1990. If possible, plant Easy Going in group of 3 or 5 for great impact. Blue flower plants are good companion plants.
Tip #40 – Drink eight glasses of water every day to flush out the toxins in your body.
This pink grandiflora of 25 to 30 petals is aptly named in honor of the Tournament of Roses, the famous parade of all times held annually on New Year’s Day in Pasadena, California. Tournament of Roses is an AARS selection in 1989. It is sometimes classified as a hybrid tea because of the shape of its flowers although it is really a grandiflora.
Bloom size is 3.5 inches on long stem with light fragrance. The blooms have all shades of pink within them – deep pink in the center, pale pink at the edges, darker pink on the outside. Tournament of Roses blooms profusely in clusters of 5 to 7 blooms like a floribunda on a medium upright bush with glossy dark green leaves and large prickles. It is highly disease-resistant and easy to grow. It produces blooms well into the winter. Tournament of Roses is both an excellent rose for exhibition and garden rose with plenty of blooms to enjoy outside in the garden and to take indoors to enjoy.
Tip #39 – Don’t accept “good enough” as good enough.
Parentage: ‘Honor’ x ‘First Federal’s Renaissance’
Year of Introduction: 1996
Hybridizer: William Warriner
‘Signature’ is most definitely a rose lover’s Rose. It was Jackson and Perkins Rose of the Year in 1996. Its consistent winning performance on the exhibition floor makes it a great choice for gardeners looking to show their roses and win. It is one of the top ten exhibition roses in the country since its introduction in 1996.
‘Signature’ is remarkable for the sheer size and intense coloration of its blooms with a hot pink base tone and cream-streaked centers on satiny petals that create a fantastic glowing effect as if the bloom was lit from within. Add to this the rose’s vigorous, tall, upright habit and great disease resistance, and it is easy to see why this rose earns the name ‘Signature’.
Bred as an exhibition rose, this prize-winner is a real standout in the vase! Borne mostly singly, these perfectly formed blooms arrive in waves all summer long. They open from long, pointed buds to form a huge, high-centered perfectly formed blooms, 5 to 6 inches in diameter, 30 to 40 petals count on a long stem about 18 inches long. Upright and vigorous, the plant will swiftly reach 4 to 5 feet tall and wide. ‘Signature’ offers clean, thick leathery, dark green foliage with superb disease resistance to mildew. If you’re looking for a carefree hybrid tea with some of the most jaw-dropping blooms ever seen and fruity fragrance, then introduce your garden to ‘Signature’.
Because it grows all the way down to the ground, it eliminates the need for foreground plantings. Plant ‘Signature’ in a well-drained sunny spot. It tolerates most soil type as long as they stay evenly moist but not wet. Because ‘Signature’ is not very cold hardy, it is better suited growing in the ground than in containers. If grown in containers, it requires winter protection. Protection from spring frosts is also recommended. Plant it in the garden in a group of three with some blue perennial like salvia or dephinium and the effect is quite dazzling.
Tip #38 – Everyday look for ways to improve the way you do your job.