A Rose (Rose de Rescht) and a Tip for a Happy, Healthy and Successful Living

Rose de Rescht

Rose:   Rose de Rescht

Class:   Portland

Date of Introduction:   About 1880


This compact Portland rose is a very reliable rebloomer. It gives a big flush of tightly-formed rosette blooms in spring, pompon like and if you keep on deadheading it just keeps on blooming. Fragrance is very strong. Buds open in fuchsia-red color and fade into light lilac. ‘Rose de Rescht’ will tolerate some shade.


The only disease I find is rust but all I do is prune the stems that are affected and new healthy shoots appear. Parentage is obscure, possibly Persian and discovery date is speculated at about 1880 but its recurring blooming qualities coupled with those old fashioned traits and its strong fragrance entitle this rose a place in any garden, large or small. ‘Rose de Rescht’ is eligible for Victorian Rose Award at a rose show.


I planted lavender ‘Hidcote’ next to it. They complement each other in color and fragrance. Since ‘Rose de Rescht’ is a compact little rose, it is also a good specimen for container planting. For history buffs, ‘Rose de Rescht’ was believed to be growing at Castle Howard, in Yorkshire, England before the Second World War.


Tip #28 – Do not forgo sunscreen. Wrinkles and skin cancer can be avoided if you protect yourself.


Until Next time. Stop and Smell the Roses.

Rosalinda R Morgan

Author & Garden Writer


A Rose (Peace) and a Tip for a Happy, Healthy and Successful Living

Peace Rose

Rose:   Peace

Class:   Hybrid Tea

Date of Introduction: 1945

Parentage:   (‘George Dickson’ x ‘Souvenir de Claudius Pernet’) x (‘Joanna Hill’ x ‘Chas. P. Kilham’) x ‘Margaret McGredy”

Hybridizer:  Francis Meilland in the late 1930s


The rose that is called ‘Peace’ in the United States and Great Britain is called ‘Mme Antoine Meilland’ in France, ‘Gioia’ (Joy) in Italy and ‘Gloria Dei” (The Glory of God) in Germany. ‘Peace is one of the most famous roses of the century if not of all times. It is one of the few modern roses surrounded by legend and myth. It was bred by Francis Meilland under the code name 335-40 and named it Madame A. Meilland, after his mother. Francis Meilland hybridized another lemon yellow rose with ‘Peace’ as the parent and named her ‘Grand’mere Jenny’, after his paternal grandmother.


One story goes that it was hybridized in France in the last years before World War II, and escaped as unnamed cuttings in the last American diplomatic bag to leave Paris as World War II began. Recognized as a winner, the rose was propagated by Conard-Pyle Co., a leading American rose nursery and released in 1945. Because it returned in peacetime to a liberated France, ‘Peace’ was the name the rose was given. Later, the ‘Peace’ rose took the world by storm after being the centerpiece on all the tables at the organizational meeting of the United Nations at San Francisco in 1945.


Another version of the story of ‘Peace’ is that it began in France when the Nazi invasion forced young Francis Meilland to smuggle three one-pound packages of an experimental rose into other countries. Two of the packages were confiscated, but the third made it to Robert Pyle of Conard-Pyle Co. in the United States. Ten years later, after this rose of outstanding character and quality had been tested throughout the United States, the ARS planned a special name-giving ceremony. At the Pacific Rose Society Exhibition in Pasadena, CA, Robert Pyle declared “We are persuaded that this greatest new rose of our time should be named for the world’s greatest desire – Peace.” Francis Meilland’s rose was given its American and English name ‘Peace’ on April 29, 1945, the day Berlin fell to the allies. Nine years after introduction, an American authority estimated that some thirty million ‘Peace’ were growing in gardens around the world. Nowadays, nobody seems to have kept count. With all the royalties coming from the sale of ‘Peace’, the Meillands were able to build a rose hybridizing empire on the Cap d’Antibes on the Mediterranean shores.


Another melodramatic story, so often told, is that the budwood of ‘Peace’ was smuggled out of the south of France by a heroic U.S. embassy official in November 1942, just hours before the German invasion. It’s a very good story, but the truth of the matter according to Francis Meilland, is that the budwood was sent to Germany, Italy and the United States via ordinary postal channels in the summer of 1939. Southern France at that time was not yet invaded. It was perfect timing. By receiving a few cuttings in 1939, Conard-Pyle was able to introduce this rose at the San Francisco conference to found the United Nations, the day Berlin fell in 1945. If these cuttings were received in November 1942 they could not have started budding until 1943, and they could not have built up enough stock of this rose in time for nationwide distribution three years later.


The day the war with Japan ended, ‘Peace’ was given the All American Rose Selection Award. A month later, the day the peace treaty was signed with Japan, ‘Peace’ received the American Rose Society’s supreme Award, the Gold Medal. ‘Peace’ has won most of the world’s top rose awards: Gold Medal, Portland 1944; All American Rose Selection 1946; Gold Medal Certificate, American Rose Society 1947; Golden Rose, The Hague 1965; Hall of Fame, World Federation of Rose Societies 1976; and Award of Garden Merit, Royal Horticultural Society 1993. Today, ‘Peace’ is still the world’s favorite rose.


‘Peace’ is a vigorous, bushy, upright plant, 4-5 ft. tall with stiff canes covered with large, leathery, beautiful, dark green, glossy foliage with good disease-resistant quality. New growth appears light red. ‘Peace’ resents heavy pruning. Buds are high-centered and cupped at opening. Blooms are double (40 to 45 petals), 5 to 6 inches across, near perfect in form and more or less continuous flowering throughout the season. Colors vary from day to day but are essentially creamy yellow edged in rose pink. It has a slight fragrance. It is a good exhibition rose and an excellent cut flower. It’s rated 8.0 on the 2017 Handbook for Selecting Roses.


Flowers were huge in 1940s. Somehow ‘Peace’ planted in the 1940s and still thriving today at well-maintained public gardens, war memorials, or at the homes of veteran gardeners are larger compared to the blooms on the ‘Peace’ plant you will receive from any nursery today. Even if genetic science tells you otherwise, still the ‘Peace’ sold today is just a pale imitation of the old ‘Peace’. Vita Sackville-West hated it and thought it horribly coarse.


Hybrid teas bred since the 1950s often have at least a little ‘Peace’ blood in them. Of the many mutations of ‘Peace’ introduced over the years, the most popular is ‘Chicago Peace’. Other sports of ‘Peace’ are ‘Berlin’, ‘Garden Party’, ‘Gold Crown’, ‘Glowing Peace’, ‘Love and Peace’ (2002 AARS Selection), ‘Perfume Delight’, ‘Pink Rose’, ‘Princesse de Monaco’, ‘Royal Highness’, ‘Speaker Sun’, ‘Sterling Silver’, and ‘Tropicana’.


A Climbing form was introduced in 1950. ‘Climbing Peace’ is a climbing sport of ‘Peace’. It has shiny, deep green, almost leathery foliage, and it has a very pleasing color, peachy pink suffused with apricot yellow. Its buds are exquisitely pointed, and they open into large, long-lasting flowers. It is so robust and healthy that you never have to spray it with pesticides. Its one real flaw is a complete lack of fragrance.


‘Peace’ is showcased at the following Display Gardens: Sturgeon Memorial Rose Garden, Largo, FL; Atlanta Botanical Garden, Atlanta, GA; Julia Davis Rose Garden, Boise, ID; George L. Luthy Memorial Rose Garden, Peoria, IL; Richmond Rose Garden, Richmond, IN; City of Portland Rose Circle, Portland, ME; The Jim Buck Ross Rose Garden, Jackson, MS; and Norfolk Botanical Garden, Norfolk, VA.


Tip #27 – Increase your own happiness and peace of mind by paying three sincere compliments each day.



Until Next time. Stop and Smell the Roses.

Rosalinda R Morgan

Author & Garden Writer

A Rose (La Reine Victoria) and a Tip for a Happy, Healthy and Successful Living

La Reine Victoria

Photo from Peter Beales Roses

Rose:   La Reine Victoria

Class:   Bourbon

Date of Introduction:   1872


The rich lilac-pink, full, and cupped middle size blooms are produced on a vigorous, slender erect bush almost thornless plant with soft green leaves. It can reach a height of 4 ½ to 5 ½ ft. or can be trained as a climber where it can reach 15’ in each direction. When the canes are pegged over (placed horizontally), this rose responds with lots of lateral growth with long stems. This rose blooms abundantly in mid season with good repeat bloom in the fall where the plant is literally covered with very fragrant 3-3 ½ blooms. A heavy feeder, high nitrogen won’t cause any major maladies. It is winter hardy and very disease resistant.

Tip #23 – Be grateful. Every moment on this earth from the mundane to the amazing is a gift that we are all lucky to share.

Until Next time. Stop and Smell the Roses.

Rosalinda R Morgan

Author & Garden Writer




A Rose (Nicole) and a Tip for a Happy, Healthy and Successful Living


Rose – Nicole

Class:   Floribunda

Date of Introduction:   1985

Parentage:   seedling x Bordure Rose


Nicole is a beautiful floribunda rose introduced in 1985 and has the most stunning coloration that everybody seems to notice. I planted two Nicole on my front yard at my old house and people who passed by the house noticed it right away. They stopped, admired it and touched and smelled the rose to find out if it was real. Nicole is vigorous, disease resistant and blooms continuously. The 25-35 petal bloom is white edged in cherry-pink with light fragrance. The four inch flower come in clusters of three to five blooms on a strong and very thorny stem and makes a lovely bouquet. It has dark, shiny leathery leaves. Nicole is a top exhibition rose and a great garden rose too.

Some rosarians recommend planting Nicole in the back of the border. I planted my two Nicole roses on opposite sides of the walkway in front of my old house instead where anybody who comes by the house can appreciate its beauty. I also planted Nicole in the front yard at my new townhouse.


Tip #22 – Be bold and courageous. When you look back on your life, you’ll regret the things you didn’t do more than the ones you did.


Until Next time. Stop and Smell the Roses.

Rosalinda R Morgan

Author & Garden Writer


A Rose (Abraham Darby) and a Tip for a Happy, Healthy and Successful Living

  Abraham Darby

Photo from David Austin Roses

RoseAbraham Darby

Class:   Shrub

Date of Introduction:   1991


Abraham Darby is one of the most vigorous of all David Austin roses. Having heard from fellow rosarians that it bears long arching canes, I decided to plant it along a fence on the west side of my property in New York and let it spread out. Abraham Darby is a well-rounded shrub which bears numerous, very large 5” across, very full (41+ petals), cluster-flowered, in small clusters, old fashioned, quartered bloom form, double cup-shaped flowers in shades of apricot becoming tinted with pink as they age. Few roses make such a fine display or produce such magnificent blooms with glossy green foliage all through the season. To encourage a better crop of flowers and help maintain its compact form, summer pruning is recommended. The growth is vigorous and reliable and it repeats well. Height is 5 ft. x 5 ft. or 8 ft. as a climber.


Abraham Darby is an outstanding rose with disease resistance, very prolific and continually blooming throughout the season. I planted a pink clematis next to it and they complemented very nicely. It has a rich, fruity fragrance with a refreshing sharpness. Abraham Darby is named after one of the founding figures of the Industrial Revolution, who lived in Shropshire.


Tip #21 – Break big jobs into manageable segments and make sure each succeeding segment builds on what you have before.


Until Next time. Stop and Smell the Roses.

Rosalinda R Morgan

Author & Garden Writer